Jorrin Thorn, by the grace of Aravel and Aranayan King of Garresh, King of the Jara-him, Bringer of Peace and Defender of the Wall, First Bard, to his Prefects, justices, foresters, sheriffs, stewards, servants, and to all his officials and loyal subjects, greetings.
TO ALL FREE MEN OF OUR KINGDOM we have also granted, for us and our heirs forever, all the liberties written out below, to have and to keep for them and their heirs, of us and our heirs
Rights of the Prefecture and the Peasantry
- Any forest upon the King’s lands that is not reserved for His Majesty may be hunted, foraged, and otherwise harvested at the direction of the Prefect who oversees it.
- Taxes levied will be fair. In times of great need: calamity, war, disaster or the like extra revenue may be necessary to ensure the common good.
- Fishing in the King’s lakes, rivers, and streams is allowed as a right granted to the peasantry in perpetuity.
- Any citizen of noble or otherwise gentle birth is entitled to pay taxes owed to the crown through scutage if so desired.
- If any earl, baron, or other person that holds lands directly of the Crown, for military service, shall die, and at his death his heir shall be of full age and owe a ‘relief’, the heir shall have his inheritance on payment of the ancient scale of ‘relief’. That is to say, the heir or heirs of an earl shall pay 100 gold coins for the entire earl’s barony, the heir or heirs of a knight 100 silver coins. At most for the entire knight’s ‘fee’, and any man that owes less shall pay less, in accordance with the ancient usage of ‘fees’.
- But if the heir of such a person is under age and a ward, when he comes of age he shall have his inheritance without ‘relief’ or fine.
- The guardian of the land of an heir who is under age shall take from it only reasonable revenues, customary dues, and feudal services. He shall do this without destruction or damage to men or property. If we have given the guardianship of the land to a sheriff, or to any person answerable to us for the revenues, and he commits destruction or damage, we will exact compensation from him, and the land shall be entrusted to two worthy and prudent men of the same ‘fee’, who shall be answerable to us for the revenues, or to the person to whom we have assigned them. If we have given or sold to anyone the guardianship of such land, and he causes destruction or damage, he shall lose the guardianship of it, and it shall be handed over to two worthy and prudent men of the same ‘fee’, who shall be similarly answerable to us.
- For so long as a guardian has guardianship of such land, he shall maintain the houses, parks, fish preserves, ponds, mills, and everything else pertaining to it, from the revenues of the land itself. When the heir comes of age, he shall restore the whole land to him, stocked with plough teams and such implements of husbandry as the season demands and the revenues from the land can reasonably bear.
- Heirs may be given in marriage, but not to someone of lower social standing. Before a marriage takes place, it shall be made known to the heir’s next-of-kin.
- At her husband’s death, a widow may have her marriage portion and inheritance at once and without trouble. She shall pay nothing for her dower, marriage portion, or any inheritance that she and her husband held jointly on the day of his death. She may remain in her husband’s house for forty days after his death, and within this period her dower shall be assigned to her.
- No widow shall be compelled to marry, so long as she wishes to remain without a husband. But she must give security that she will not marry without royal consent, if she holds her lands of the Crown, or without the consent of whatever other lord she may hold them of.
- Neither we nor our officials will seize any land or rent in payment of a debt, so long as the debtor has movable goods sufficient to discharge the debt. A debtor’s sureties shall not be distrained upon so long as the debtor himself can discharge his debt. If, for lack of means, the debtor is unable to discharge his debt, his sureties shall be answerable for it. If they so desire, they may have the debtor’s lands and rents until they have received satisfaction for the debt that they paid for him, unless the debtor can show that he has settled his obligations to them.
- No ‘scutage’ or ‘aid’ may be levied in our kingdom without its general consent, unless it is for the ransom of our person, to make our eldest son a knight, and (once) to marry our eldest daughter. For these purposes only a reasonable ‘aid’ may be levied. ‘Aids’ from the city of Maribor are to be treated similarly.
- The city of Maribor shall enjoy all its ancient liberties and free customs, both by land and by water. We also will and grant that all other cities, boroughs, towns, and ports shall enjoy all their liberties and free customs.
- Ordinary lawsuits shall not follow the royal court around, but shall be held in a fixed place.
- For a trivial offence, a free man shall be fined only in proportion to the degree of his offence, and for a serious offence correspondingly, but not so heavily as to deprive him of his livelihood. In the same way, a merchant shall be spared his merchandise, and a villein the implements of his husbandry, if they fall upon the mercy of a royal court. None of these fines shall be imposed except by the assessment on oath of reputable men of the neighborhood.
- Prefects shall be fined only by their equals and only in proportion to the gravity of the offence.
- No town or person shall be forced to build bridges over rivers except those with an ancient obligation to do so.
- No sheriff, constable, coroners, or other royal officials are to hold lawsuits that should be held by the royal justices.
- Every county, hundred, wapentake, and tithing shall remain at its ancient rent, without increase, except the royal demesne manors.
- If a free man dies intestate, his movable goods are to be distributed by his next-of-kin and friends, under the supervision of the Church. The rights of his debtors are to be preserved.
- No constable may compel a knight to pay money for castle-guard if the knight is willing to undertake the guard in person, or with reasonable excuse to supply some other fit man to do it. A knight taken or sent on military service shall be excused from castle-guard for the period of this service.
- No sheriff, royal official, or other person shall take horses or carts for transport from any free man, without his consent.
- There shall be standard measures of wine, ale, and corn (the Maribor quarter), throughout the kingdom. There shall also be a standard width of dyed cloth, russet, and haberject, namely two ells within the selvedges. Weights are to be standardised similarly.
- No free man shall be seized or imprisoned, or stripped of his rights or possessions, or outlawed or exiled, or deprived of his standing in any way, nor will we proceed with force against him, or send others to do so, except by the lawful judgment of his equals or by the law of the land.
- To no one will we sell, to no one deny or delay right or justice.
- In future it shall be lawful for any man to leave and return to our kingdom unharmed and without fear, by land or water, preserving his allegiance to us, except in time of war, for some short period, for the common benefit of the realm. People that have been imprisoned or outlawed in accordance with the law of the land, people from a country that is at war with us, and merchants – who shall be dealt with as stated above – are excepted from this provision.
- We will appoint as justices, constables, sheriffs, or other officials, only men that know the law of the realm and are minded to keep it well.
We grant these sureties and rights to the citizens of our lands to ensure harmony, peace, and the prosperity immediately and in perpetuity.
We strip these rights, save the right to trial and the right of inheritance from any man, human or otherwise who is treasonous, disloyal, or otherwise attempts to suborn my rightful reign as King of Garresh.
King Jorrin Thorn, King of Garresh and the Jara-him